The Shaivite sampradayas.


There are three main saivite sampradayas known as "Kailasa Parampara" (Lineage from Kailash)- Nandinatha Sampradaya, Adinath Sampradaya and Meykanda Sampradaya.
In Balinese Hinduism, Dutch ethnographers further subdivided Siwa (shaivaites) into five – Kemenuh, Keniten, Mas, Manuba and Petapan. This classification was to accommodate the observed marriage between higher caste Brahmana men with lower caste women.
The Nandinatha Sampradaya traces its beginning to at least 200 BCE. Its founder and first known spiritual preceptor was the Maha Rishi Nandinatha. Nandinatha is said to have initiated eight disciples (Sanatkumar, Sanakar, Sanadanar, Sananthanar, Shivayogamuni, Patanjali, Vyaghrapada, and Tirumular) and sent them to various places to spread the teachings of non-dualistic Shaivism all over the world. Saiva Siddhanta Church of Hawaii identifies itself as principle Matha or monestory of lineage . Spiritual lineage of the Nandinatha Sampradaya: Maharishi Nandinath→ Tirumular→→→ unknown→Kadaitswami→ Chellappaswami→ Siva Yogaswami→Sivaya Subramuniyaswami → Bodhinatha Veylanswami.
Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta philosophy is known as the descedent from the teaching of Sanatkumara, one of the Kumaras.(Sanatkumara→Satyanjana Darshini→Paranjyoti rishi→Meykandar.
SampradayaGurusSect nowadaysPrinciple MathasNote
Nandinatha SampradayaTirumularTamil Shaiva Siddhanta (Siddha Sampradaya)Saiva Siddhanta Church of HawaiiTirumantiramis one of the significant holy book along with other saivite text.
Meykandar SampradayaMeykandarShaiva SiddhantaSaiva adheenams in South Indiatrace its origin at Sanatkumara
Adinath SampradayaMatsyendranath,GorakshanathSiddha Siddhanta (Nath Sampradaya)Nisargadatta Maharaj and International Nath OrderConnected with Inchegiri branch
Trika SampradayaDurvasa VasuguptaKashmir ShaivismSwami Lakshmanjo Academy [and other Kashmir Saivite MathasAlso known as Ragasya Sampradaya and Trayambaka Sampradaya. Starts its gurus at Srikantha, Vasugupta, and Somananda. Sometimes Durvasa also included.
Nandinatha and Meykandar Sampradayas are associated with the Shaiva Siddhanta while Adinath Sampradaya is associated with Nath Shaivism. Other popular Saivite sampradayas are Veerashaiva Samprdaya, Lingayat Sampradaya and Srouta Sampradaya
Source- wikizero
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